Lycopene lowers the risk of prostate cancer
A research by a pilot study found that Lycopene Supplementation can benefit localized prostate cancer. Another article, which was published in Experimental Biology and Medicine, discovered that lycopene supplementation, before surgery can reduce the seriousness of cancer in prostate cancer patients.
A prostate is a male sex gland which produces fluid forming semen. It is situated under the bladder in front of the rectum and the urethra is surrounded by it. If cells in the prostate gland grow out of control, then prostate cancer can form. If the cancer is restricted to a small area, it may be limited to the prostate itself or nearby tissues. Prostate normally forms Prostate Specific Antigens (PSA) which are proteins and can be found in circulating blood. Elevated PSA levels help in showing the signs of cancer and can be helpful to determine the effectiveness of treatment which could be on patients with already diagnosed prostate cancer.
Research by Cancer Prevention focuses on finding out various factors which can lower the risk of cancer development. Epidemiology studies suggested that dietary intake of lycopene can be treated as an antioxidant which reduces the risk of prostate cancer. Tomatoes and tomato-based products, such as ketchup, sauce, soups are the richest source of lycopene as found by most of the researchers. So, many of the clinical trials were done to prove this potential relationship.
Research by a pilot study reported the effects of lycopene supplementation on 26 men with recently diagnosed localized prostate cancer. Randomly, some of them were offered to have tomato oleoresin extract which contains 30mg lycopene for three weeks prior to radical prostatectomy and others were not given any of the lycopene supplements. After three weeks following surgery, it was observed that patients who consumed lycopene had smaller tumors that were more confined to the prostate than patients who did not consume lycopene. Moreover, it was found that in patients who took lycopene their Prostate specific antigens (PSA) level was lower than in the non-treatment group.
Thus, it was concluded by the researchers that lycopene may have an advantageous effect that can prevent prostate cancer, but this still needs large clinical trials to study more about the working of lycopene and to authenticate therapeutic and potential preventive properties against prostate cancer. Prostate cancer patients should discuss with their family physician about the benefits and risk associated with the CAM therapies.